I was not too fond of Picasso until my first English Composition class in college when we had to choose for our final research paper to write about either Picasso, the town of Guernica, or the mural that he had done about the horrific bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. I quickly became fascinated about all of those subjects. I chose to write about the town of Guernica, and by the way, I received an A+ for my paper, yay! I have posted my paper on my other blog, https://jeneanebehmeswritings.wordpress.com/2015/08/26/guernica-the-symbol-of-democracy/
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (born 25 October 1881 – died 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. As one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907), and Guernica (1937), a portrayal of the Bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces at the behest of the Spanish nationalist government during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso, Henri Matisse and Marcel Duchamp are regarded as the three artists who most defined the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of the 20th century, responsible for significant developments in painting, sculpture, printmaking and ceramics.
Guernica is a mural-sized oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso completed by June 1937. The painting, which uses a palette of gray, black, and white, is known as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history. Standing at 3.49 metres (11 ft 5 in) tall and 7.76 metres (25 ft 6 in) wide, the large mural shows the suffering of people, animals, and buildings wrenched by violence and chaos. (excerpts of Picasso’s biography and of his mural, “Guernica”, courtesy of Wikipedia.)
An artwork by Picasso of a bull’s head was created using bicycle parts. Now that is the true definition of an artist: they are able to creatively see how to use things, even everyday items, and turn them into wonderful pieces of art! Who would look at a bicycle and imagine a bull’s head but an artist?
Please click on the images, especially “Guernica”, to view them as a larger image. “Guernica” really does need to be studied closely to get the full impact of the anguish, pain, fear, anger and horror that I’m sure Picasso intended for us to experience. Even the graphic and stark grey, black and white colors that he used, as well as the impression of newspaper print was intended to better convey his message: “This cannot happen again!”
The world doesn’t make sense so, why should I paint pictures that do. ~ Picasso~ (quoted from Terry Moore)